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The Spanish Experience in Taiwan, 1626–1642The Baroque Ending of a Renaissance Endeavour$
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Jose Eugenio Borao

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9789622090835

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789622090835.001.0001

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The Dutch-Spanish Rivalry

The Dutch-Spanish Rivalry

(p.6) (p.7) Chapter 1 The Dutch-Spanish Rivalry
The Spanish Experience in Taiwan, 1626–1642

José Eugenio Borao Mateo


This chapter discusses the five phases of Dutch-Spanish rivalry which was characterized by a seasonal blockade of the Iberian harbors. In the first phase of the Dutch-Spanish rivalry (1600–1609), the Dutch tried to conquer the main spice production area, the Moluccas. The second phase (1610–1619) almost coincides with the Twelve Years' Truce (1609–1621). During this period, the Dutch tried to drive the Spaniards from the spice production region by the Manila blockades. The third phase involved blockades of Manila (1620–1629) with Dutch fleets based mainly in Japan. The fourth phase (1630–1639) was a very stable period without special conflicts. The fifth phase, called the “Dutch wars” (1640–1648) started at the same time as the independence of Portugal from Spain. The Dutch conquered Malacca from the Portuguese (1641) and Quelang from the Spaniards (1642), and resumed strong blockades of Manila.

Keywords:   Dutch-Spanish rivalry, Iberian harbors, Moluccas, Twelve Years's Truce, Manila, Japan, Dutch wars, Portugal, Malacca, Quelang

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