The natives of Taiwan whom the Spaniards and Dutch encountered belonged to the linguistic group called Austronesians. According to linguistic studies, the Austronesian family extends along the Pacific and Indian Ocean from Easter Island to Madagascar. This chapter examines Spanish sources to find the names and original sites of the native villages in Taiwan. The Spaniards considered homogeneous geographical areas (or provinces): the Quelang area with the towns of Taparri, and Qimaurri, to which Caguinuauan (Santiago) also can be associated. The Great Tamsui Basin, divided into three parts: the Tamsui River with towns such as Senar and Pantao; the Quimazon River with towns like Kimassow; and he Pulauan River. Finally, the Spaniards mentioned the farthest Cavalan area (in modern Yilan) and the remote golden area (around modern Hualian), starting from Turoboan and stretching along the coast for more than 100 kilometers.
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