This chapter focuses on the economic reforms which opened the telecoms sector in Indonesia. The first reform came in 1989 with Law No. 3 allowing nine local companies to enter into BT (build-revenue-share-transfer) agreements known as PBH (Pola Bagi Hasil) with state-monopoly Telkom. After building out networks these nine companies transferred ownership to Telkom in return for a 70% share of the service revenues. Ministerial Decree No. 8/1993 for the first time allowed private new entrants to offer value-added services, such as paging and email, over circuits leased from Telkom.
Hong Kong Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.