This chapter discusses telecommunication developments in Vietnam. Decades of war and under-investment left Vietnam's telecommunications underdeveloped, and because it is deemed a strategic industry, private-sector participation has been limited or prohibited. In 1992 Vietnam adopted a new constitution enshrining the principle of economic innovation or renovation called doi moi. The first significant step in telecommunications was taken in 1988 when Vietnam signed a revenue-sharing Business Cooperation Contract (BCC) with OTC, now part of Telstra (Australia), to build satellite earth stations for international traffic. By the turn of the century, BCCs had brought in over US$1.5 billion of investment, but these were confined to basic services in fixed and mobile. To boost telephone density from 2005 the Ministry of Posts and Telematics (MPT) unveiled a development blueprint which called for investment of up to US$600 million per year over that period in the telecommunications and information technology sectors.
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