This chapter examines telecommunications development in Macau. The telecommunications infrastructure was built under the monopoly of CTM (Companhia de Telecomunicações de Macau) — a joint venture between Cable and Wireless, Portugal Telecom International, CITIC Pacific, and the Macau SAR government. The monopoly was partially ended in 1999 when the twenty-year build-operate-transfer franchise, granted in 1981, was extended to 2011, but only for fixed line and international gateway services. Competition with CTM's GSM 900/1800 MHz mobile services was introduced in 2001 when Hutchison and SmarTone from Hong Kong were licensed to operate GSM.
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