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The Golden GhettoThe American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844$
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Jacques M. Downs

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9789888139095

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.001.0001

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The Creation of an Official Policy

The Creation of an Official Policy

The Unofficial Origins of a China Policy

(p.258) (p.259) 7 The Creation of an Official Policy
The Golden Ghetto

Jacques M. Downs

Hong Kong University Press

Chapter 7 relates the events that led up to the Cushing mission. The issue of opium trading was a matter of contention between the traders, the missionaries and the Americans at home. The stance taken by the American public opinion prevailed in active suppression of the opium trade, however, the Cushing mission was to return American policy to the anomalous status it had had in the years before the Opium War. Request for advice on the Cushing mission has been sent to residents in Canton, and a majority of them were Opium traders. This chapter also details the objectives of the Cushing Mission, such as fixed tariffs on trade in the treaty ports, the right to buy land and erect churches, the right to learn Chinese, the most-favored-nation status, and extraterritoriality.

Keywords:   China, China Trade, American, Opium, First Opium War, Trade, Sino-US Treaty of Wanghia, Opium smuggling, American foreign policy in China

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