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The Golden GhettoThe American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844$
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Jacques M. Downs

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9789888139095

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.001.0001

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The Mission to China

The Mission to China

(p.287) 8 The Mission to China
The Golden Ghetto

Jacques M. Downs

Hong Kong University Press

Cushing set off in the summer of 1843 and arrived at Macao in February 1844. He spent three months there and listened to the American merchants’ suggestions regarding the commercial interest of the United States and China and created the projêt. Chi’ying arrived at Wanghia in June, and the treaty was signed in two weeks. The Chinese had few reservations about matters of trade or even extraterritoriality, but objected to the Americans being presented to court in Peking and refused to conclude the treaty in Wanghia. Cushing ultimately settled for the compromise that became Article XXXI. It assumes the right of the US government to communicate with the Court and specifies several possible lines of communication, so that no longer could a single provincial official block communications with Peking.

Keywords:   China, China Trade, American, Opium, First Opium War, Trade, Sino-US Treaty of Wanghia, Opium smuggling, American foreign policy in China

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