Cushing tested the treaty, especially on the issue of extraterritoriality via the Hsu A-man case and found out how the treaty protected the Americans. The treaty was well received by both the merchants in the smuggling trade and the missionaries. The author also comments on the Cushing treaty, from its tone, its coverage of the rights and responsibility of the American residents to extraterritoriality and his criticism on the opium trade. The author compared the Cushing treaty with the treaty of Nanking and its Supplementary Treaty, and concluded that it is far superior and more comprehensive than the British treaties.
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