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The Golden GhettoThe American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844$
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Jacques M. Downs

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9789888139095

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HONG KONG SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hongkong.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hong Kong University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HKSO for personal use (for details see http://www.hongkong.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 24 June 2018

Old Canton and Its Trade

Old Canton and Its Trade

Chapter:
(p.18) (p.19) 1 Old Canton and Its Trade
Source:
The Golden Ghetto
Author(s):

Jacques M. Downs

Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.003.0004

The first chapter gives an overview of the lives American merchants led when they were in Macao and Canton. It describes the regulations that govern them when they arrive and depart and the lives of luxury in the secluded factories. There were disputes among the firms that disrupted the calm, and some companies disapproved the opium trade that others were engaging in. The Americans were also appalled at the brutality of the Chinese justice system and the state of poverty that the Chinese of lower classes were living in.

Keywords:   China, China Trade, American, Opium, First Opium War, Trade, Sino-US Treaty of Wanghia, Opium smuggling, American foreign policy in China

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