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The British Presence in Macau, 1635-1793$
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Rogerio Miguel Puga

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9789888139798

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888139798.001.0001

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The gradual growth of the British presence in Macau in the early eighteenth century

The gradual growth of the British presence in Macau in the early eighteenth century

(p.75) 5 The gradual growth of the British presence in Macau in the early eighteenth century
The British Presence in Macau, 1635-1793

Rogério Miguel Puga

Hong Kong University Press

The early eighteenth century saw the growth of the British presence in Macau. Their prolonged stay enabled them to produce more accurate descriptions of Portuguese and Chinese policies, and this in turn, let them shape more effective trading strategies. Since the Portuguese were controlled by the Mandarinate, they could not provide the British with all the protection they wanted in Macau. In 1715, having gained increasing independence to pose demands, the EIC supercargoes built a factory in the suburbs of Canton, this was an important step for the “Canton System”, which the British used to resist the demands of the Mandarinate and the Portuguese in Macau. In 1716, the British gained the freedom to approach the hopu and freer trade in the region, and as the opium trade flourished, the Portuguese benefitted by catering to the needs of the British crew who stopped at Macau on their way to Canton.

Keywords:   Early eighteenth century, Macau, China, British Overseas, Trading strategies, Canton System, Mandarinate, Hopu

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