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Hong Kong in the Cold War$
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Priscilla Roberts and John M. Carroll

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9789888208005

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888208005.001.0001

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Hong Kong and the Cold War in the 1950s

Hong Kong and the Cold War in the 1950s

(p.92) 3 Hong Kong and the Cold War in the 1950s
Hong Kong in the Cold War

Tracy Steele

Hong Kong University Press

Despite periods of internal agitation and international tension, in the 1950s the British did not fear the imminent loss of Hong Kong, which they believed was of value to the Chinese Communists as it stood. Still, the British were never complacent. During times of tension in East and Southeast Asia, British defense planning for Hong Kong went into high gear, but the inescapable reality was that Hong Kong could not be held without American air cover. The divergent British and American approaches to recognition of the PRC and ROC made matters murkier. Actions by both Chinese governments caused multifarious problems that threatened to divide the British and Americans. Despite entreaties from Colonial officials in Hong Kong to rein in the Americans and their Nationalist allies, throughout the 1950s British policy makers usually placed greater emphasis on preserving harmonious Anglo-American relations. As the British balanced competing interests, while always bearing in mind the goal of retaining Hong Kong, the course they steered to accomplish this often appeared more contradictory and vague than it did clear and decisive. However confusing the tactics, the objective remained the same.

Keywords:   Hong Kong, China, History, Politics, Cold War, Communism, Capitalism, Culture, Economics, Intelligence

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