The May 7th Cadre School was an invention of Mao Zedong. He said all intellectuals must be re-educated by the peasants and the May 7th Cadre Schools were set up all over the countryside for this purpose. In 1969, Frances Wong was teaching at the Foreign Affairs Institute and in response to Mao Zedong's call for intellectuals to be re-educated by the peasants, the whole institute moved to Shang Gou in Jiangxi Province and a cadre school was set up. After Mao's death in 1974, their eminent leader Deng Xiao-ping took over the reins of China and put forward his famous policy of opening up and economic reforms which saved the country from economic collapse, and for Hong Kong's takeover the unprecedented “one country with two systems” policy. Deng Xiaoping was a pivot in Chinese history propounding his creative and unique policies. He put China back on the right track.
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