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Disease, Colonialism, and the StateMalaria in Modern East Asian History$
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Ka-che YIP

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9789622095878

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789622095878.001.0001

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Anti-malaria Policy and Its Consequences in Colonial Taiwan

Anti-malaria Policy and Its Consequences in Colonial Taiwan

(p.30) (p.31) 3 Anti-malaria Policy and Its Consequences in Colonial Taiwan
Disease, Colonialism, and the State

Ku Ya Wen

Hong Kong University Press

This chapter aims to discuss the dynamics of change in anti-malaria policies in colonial Taiwan and their consequences. It initially examines how the Taiwanese and Japanese formed their respective understanding of the etiology and perception of malaria, and how the Japanese created a discourse of “othering” to define malaria. It discusses the initial process of anti-malaria policymaking in the 1910s and the real concerns behind malaria as a health issue. It identifies the facts — neglected in studies of colonial Taiwan medicine — associated with the change of anti-malaria policy direction beginning in 1919, and suggests that the promulgation of assimilative reform is the key to understanding this change. It notes that instead of merely targeting the parasite in the human body or the mosquitoes, the effort to eradicate the colonial disease came to involve the attempted transformation of the Taiwanese people and environment. It also studies the Japanese colonizers' self-assessment of the anti-malaria policies.

Keywords:   anti-malaria policies, colonial Taiwan, Taiwanese, Japanese, etiology, assimilative reform, parasite, mosquitoes, environment

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