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Disease, Colonialism, and the StateMalaria in Modern East Asian History$
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Ka-che YIP

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9789622095878

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789622095878.001.0001

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The Theory and Practice of Malariology in Colonial Taiwan

The Theory and Practice of Malariology in Colonial Taiwan

(p.49) 4 The Theory and Practice of Malariology in Colonial Taiwan
Disease, Colonialism, and the State

Liu Shiyung

Hong Kong University Press

This chapter highlights the three themes of the Japanese anti-malaria campaign — modern malariology, treatment, and environmental improvements — in a review of the history of Japanese malaria control efforts in colonial Taiwan. It shows that the legacy of colonial medicine is essentially mixed and that the complex and sometimes contradictory nature of colonial medicine can only be understood by detailed contextual research, through an examination of the colonial government's responses to the problem of malaria. It notes that the Japanese colonial government in Taiwan circulated a film to promote the anti-malaria program and made the claim that the government had advocated an integral approach to malarial control. It explains that this control involved prompt diagnosis, the administration of drugs, proper case management, improved health services, community-based support systems, the use of insecticide and bed-nets, and proper environmental management geared towards vector control, as well as continuous research in developing effective anti-malarials.

Keywords:   anti-malaria campaign, modern malariology, treatment, environmental improvements, colonial medicine, Japanese colonial government, Taiwan, film

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