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Disease, Colonialism, and the StateMalaria in Modern East Asian History$
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Ka-che YIP

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9789622095878

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789622095878.001.0001

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Colonial Medicine and Malaria Eradication in Okinawa in the Twentieth Century:

Colonial Medicine and Malaria Eradication in Okinawa in the Twentieth Century:

From the Colonial Model to the United States Model

(p.61) 5 Colonial Medicine and Malaria Eradication in Okinawa in the Twentieth Century:
Disease, Colonialism, and the State

Wataru Iijima

Hong Kong University Press

This chapter discusses the importance of colonial Taiwan's model of malaria control in Japanese colonial medicine and examines the process of malaria eradication in Yaeyama of the Ryukyu Islands in the twentieth century. It evaluates the historical significance of Yaeyama's case in the context of the history of malaria in East Asia and the world. It explains that Yaeyama's experience is important because it reflected changes in approaches to malaria eradication in the twentieth century: from a model developed in Taiwan under Japanese colonial rule to a U.S. model supported by the World Health Organization (WHO). It also highlights the contributions made by Japanese researchers and research institutes to the development of colonial medicine and their role in anti-malaria efforts in Yaeyama, Taiwan, and other Japanese colonial possessions.

Keywords:   malaria control, colonial medicine, Yaeyama, Ryukyu Islands, U.S. model, World Health Organization, research institutes

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