This chapter offers a comprehensive and insightful analysis of the social policy in Hong Kong. After providing an overview of the four core social policy areas in Hong Kong—health, housing, education, and social security—it then proceeds to point out that a major problem of the social policy in Hong Kong is its pragmatic and reactive nature: the lack of vision and long-term planning. In addition, the strengths and weaknesses of what has been established are presented, and the chapter looks at likely future challenges. It also reports the nature of the pattern of welfare that has emerged. The 1997 Asian financial crisis coincided with increasing pressure for development in social policy. Hong Kong's response was essentially to cut services and reduce benefits.
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