This chapter explains urban policy in Hong Kong. It points out at the very beginning of the chapter that urban policy should not be approached simply as finding technical means for technical problems in urban areas. Urban policy's general domain has long expanded from physical concerns to social and community concerns. The chapter then observes that the “growth machine thesis” under the urban political economy approach provides the most useful and powerful framework in understanding urban policy in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) government. It also demonstrates how a network of powerful interest groups, all linked to the property market, has exerted a very strong influence on urban policies in Hong Kong. In order to check and balance the influence of these “rentiers,” and to secure the existence and representation of other values and interests in the urban policy of Hong Kong, two emerging social urban processes—community participation and the idea of sustainable development—should be enhanced.
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