This chapter describes the scope of activities of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) executive. It also outlines in detail how the executive functions and its relationship with the legislature. In addition, the chapter explores whether the practice of “executive-led government” is in decline. It is noted that the colonial executive-led government has been replaced by the executive-driven government since the 1997 handover. In line with this, the events that caused such a transformation are reported. Furthermore, the chapter examines factors (such as the immaturity of the party system) that are unfavorable to effective governance and suggests ways to construct a viable and workable governing system for the HKSAR. In general, the Central People's Government (CPG) and the HKSAR government have not paid due attention to the political recruitment issue. This is indicated by the lack of a credible mechanism through which a governing team will emerge from each round of the chief executive (CE) election.
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