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The Asian ModernCulture, Capitalist Development, Singapore$
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C. J. W.-L. Wee

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9789622098596

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789622098596.001.0001

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Disciplinary Modernisation, the Asian Economic Crisis and Re-Invention

Disciplinary Modernisation, the Asian Economic Crisis and Re-Invention

(p.143) Epilogue Disciplinary Modernisation, the Asian Economic Crisis and Re-Invention
The Asian Modern

C. J. W.-L. Wee

Hong Kong University Press

This conclusion retraces how the aftermath of the Cold War and the 1997 economic crisis has posed problems for the existing disciplinary modernization that had delivered economic success in Singapore. It explores the modes of the disciplinary governance and argues that the PAP state was caught between the society and culture it created and the society and culture it desired. On the whole, the party remained steadfast to its core mission of matching up with the modern West by using all the important socio-cultural engineering tools designed to reach that goal, with the assumption that culture and subjectivity are instrumentalizable and non-autonomous realms. However, the party failed to recognize that their earlier assumptions of polarized oppositions between political economy and culture, the material and the discursive, are rather obsolete. Having subjected the local society and the culture to external conditions, the party now desired the local to be more dynamic to further economic advancement. While globalization in Singapore has encouraged equality of cultures and diversity, this principle the city-state was inclined to need to be reaffirmed.

Keywords:   disciplinary modernization, economic success, Singapore, disciplinary governance, PAP, society, culture, socio-cultural engineering, economy, globalization

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