This chapter investigates how individuals from all backgrounds, whether ordinary farmers or privileged students, were interested in the world beyond their community, while the opening of the borders led to growing movement of people in and out of China. It also demonstrates how foreign communities were part of the social texture of republican life and should be considered as an integral part of the social history of the country. It concentrates on the travel of relatively privileged migrants, and ordinary farmers that joined a growing flow of movement in and out of the country, often thanks to the steamer.
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