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The Age of OpennessChina before Mao$
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Frank Dikotter

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9789622099203

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789622099203.001.0001

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Open Minds

Open Minds

(p.52) (p.53) 4 Open Minds
The Age of Openness

Frank Dikötter

Hong Kong University Press

This chapter explores the cultural and social aspects of China's cosmopolitan age. Open borders resulted not only in large flows of people moving in and out of the country, but also in active participation in international conferences and international covenants. There is no standard text in English on the diplomatic history of twentieth-century China. The extent to which China was an active agent seeking full participation in the international community — despite a very negative appraisal of its achievements in conventional history — is emphasized. In addition, it looks in more detail at the intellectual links forged at home with the rest of the world by cosmopolitan scholars in virtually every field of knowledge, from avionics to zoology. The existence of an open society allowed controversial styles to be explored, for instance nude photography.

Keywords:   China, cosmopolitan age, diplomatic history, international community, open society, avionics, zoology

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