Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Age of Openness – China before Mao - Hong Kong Scholarship Online
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

The Age of Openness: China before Mao

Frank Dikotter


The era between empire and communism is routinely portrayed as a catastrophic interlude in China's modern history, but this book shows instead that the first half of the twentieth century witnessed a qualitatively unprecedented trend towards openness. The book argues that the years from 1900 to 1949 were characterised at all levels of society by engagement with the world, and that the pursuit of openness was particularly evident in four areas: in governance and the advance of the rule of law and of ... More

Keywords: China, modern history, openness, liberties, freedom, culture, open markets, globalisation

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2008 Print ISBN-13: 9789622099203
Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: September 2011 DOI:10.5790/hongkong/9789622099203.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Frank Dikotter, author

Show Summary Details

subscribe or login to access all content.