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Philippine EnglishLinguistic and Literary$
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M. A. Lourdes S. Bautista and Kingsley Bolton

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9789622099470

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789622099470.001.0001

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Colonial education and the shaping of Philippine literature in English

Colonial education and the shaping of Philippine literature in English

(p.244) (p.245) 12 Colonial education and the shaping of Philippine literature in English
Philippine English

Isabel Pefianco Martin

Hong Kong University Press

When the Americans arrived in the Philippines in 1898, English was systematically promoted as the language that would “civilize” the Filipinos. It was the language that the colonizer introduced to the colonized so that the latter would be able to participate in a society determined by colonialism. Throughout the four decades of American public education, Filipino students were exposed to the Anglo-American canon of literature. This chapter argues that this literary canon would not have been as potent without the powerful partner of colonial pedagogy. Together, canon and pedagogy produced a certain type of language and literature education that created standards for Philippine writing. Cumulatively, canon, pedagogy, and the power of American public education in the Philippines resulted in the relegation of Philippine writing in English, as well as writing in the native languages, to the margins of the Philippine cultural experience.

Keywords:   Americans, colonialism, American public education, Anglo-American canon, literature, literary canon, colonial pedagogy, Philippine writing

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