This chapter examines the military defenses of Macau during the seventeenth century. At first there were no fortifications in Macau. The Chinese were suspicious of Portuguese intentions and they objected to the construction of any military establishments. However, the continuing Dutch incursions so alarmed the citizens that in 1612 representatives from Macau went to Canton to argue that fortifications were required to defend the territory against the Dutch. The decision to fortify Macau was made in 1615 and Francisco Lopes Carrasco was charged with the job of overseeing the fortification efforts.
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