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Elusive Pirates, Pervasive SmugglersViolence and Clandestine Trade in the Greater China Seas$
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Robert J. Antony

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9789888028115

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888028115.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HONG KONG SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hongkong.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hong Kong University Press, 2021. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HKSO for personal use.date: 17 June 2021

Smuggling in the South China Sea:

Smuggling in the South China Sea:

Alternate Histories of a Nonstate Space in the Late Nineteenth and Late Twentieth Centuries

(p.142) (p.143) 11 Smuggling in the South China Sea:
Elusive Pirates, Pervasive Smugglers

Robert J. Antony

Hong Kong University Press

This chapter examines smuggling in the South China Sea during the late nineteenth and late twentieth centuries. The findings reveal that smuggling in the region has operated as big business for many centuries and that a variety of actors and interested parties have all participated in these activities. It considers the interplay among European, Chinese, and other Asian actors in smuggling and other clandestine activities over the past several centuries.

Keywords:   smuggling, South China Sea, nonstate space, Chinese, Asians, clandestine activities

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