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Return Migration and IdentityA Global Phenomenon, A Hong Kong Case$
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Nan M. Sussman

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9789888028832

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888028832.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HONG KONG SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hongkong.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hong Kong University Press, 2021. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HKSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Subtractive identity

Subtractive identity

(p.161) 6 Subtractive identity
Return Migration and Identity

Nan M. Sussman

Hong Kong University Press

This chapter describes the remigrant experience through an examination of the subtractive identity profile. The Cultural Identity Model suggests that one common response to cultural transition is adaptation and a shift in identity away from one's home culture attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors. It explains that the “subtractive” identity profile is adopted by individuals who experience the shift most saliently once they return to their homeland and endure great psychological distress. Emotionally, subtractive identity is characterized by depression, anxiety, and displacement. Cognitively, those with a subtractive profile perceive themselves as dissimilar from their compatriots in their essential values, beliefs, interpretations of others' behavior, and self-definition; they frequently experience isolation and bewilderment.

Keywords:   remigrant experience, subtractive identity profile, Cultural Identity Model, psychological distress

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