This chapter discusses the history of the Chinese Educational Mission (CEM) in the United States (1872–1881). It states that the CEM was a project of the late Qing government, in which 120 boys were sent to live and study in New England for an extended period of time. It explains that the mission was an early initiative of the Self-Strengthening Movement (1861–1895). It clarifies that the CEM was not the only study abroad program that China carried out during that time — but it was both the earliest and the largest one. However, during that time, these 120 students were not the only Chinese living there. By 1870, over 63,000 Chinese were living in the United States. The chapter notes that both the large concentration of Chinese on the west coast, the importation of Chinese strikebreakers to the east coast, and the study abroad program was generally regarded as politically and culturally suspicious.
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