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Underground FrontThe Chinese Communist Party in Hong Kong$
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Christine Loh

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9789888028948

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888028948.001.0001

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Purge, War and Civil War: From 1927 to 1948

Purge, War and Civil War: From 1927 to 1948

(p.54) (p.55) 4 Purge, War and Civil War: From 1927 to 1948
Underground Front

Christine Loh

Hong Kong University Press

The party's activities in Hong Kong entered a new phase in 1927 when Chiang Kai-shek embarked on the Party Purification Movement against Chinese Communist Party (CCP) members all over China. The Japanese invasion from 1937 to 1945 is described. The chapter particularly highlights the Eighth Route Army Hong Kong Office, guerrillas, and war. The Chinese people were exhausted after eight years of Japanese occupation. The war had disrupted their lives enormously. Hong Kong, under British administration, was useful during the civil war to the CCP primarily because it was not under Kuomintang (KMT) control. To the CCP, Hong Kong's relatively liberal political environment provided significant strategic value. One of the most important decisions made by the CCP in relations to Hong Kong was to create the Xinhua News Agency, Hong Kong Branch in November 1946—the agency's first office outside the Mainland. A guiding principle of the CCP's work in Hong Kong during the civil war period was that, while facilitating the party's activities on the Mainland, it should avoid conducting any activities harming the interests of Hong Kong.

Keywords:   Chinese Communist Party, Hong Kong, China, Japanese invasion, Eighth Route Army Hong Kong Office, civil war, guerrillas, Kuomintang

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