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Underground FrontThe Chinese Communist Party in Hong Kong$
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Christine Loh

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9789888028948

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888028948.001.0001

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Hong Kong to the Chinese Communist Party: From 1949 to 1965

Hong Kong to the Chinese Communist Party: From 1949 to 1965

(p.79) 5 Hong Kong to the Chinese Communist Party: From 1949 to 1965
Underground Front

Christine Loh

Hong Kong University Press

This chapter demonstrates the influence of the Korean War on Hong Kong and a range of incidents that were a direct legacy of continuing conflicts between the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Between 1949 and the eve of the Cultural Revolution, the colony of Hong Kong was an active united front and propaganda centre of the CCP. The CCP's policy to leave Hong Kong in British hands and to maintain good relations with Britain could be seen right from the time when the communists were about to win the civil war. CCP's Hong Kong policy apparatus is first introduced in this chapter. Although the CCP showed flexibility on the question of Hong Kong's sovereignty, it was not without limits. The CCP did not distinguish between the secession of Hong Kong and Kowloon to Britain and the lease on the New Territories. In addition, there were occasional rumblings despite the generally cordial Sino-British relations. Moreover, the CCP work in Hong Kong is reviewed here. It then deals with united front work, propaganda and party mouthpieces, intelligence gathering, and mainland campaigns. Furthermore, Hong Kong survived the disruptions suffered during the Korean War.

Keywords:   Chinese Communist Party, Korean War, Hong Kong, Kuomintang, Cultural Revolution, intelligence gathering, united front work, propaganda

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