This chapter discusses the aftermath of the Boxer Uprising. Armed militants, professional soldiers, and hoodlums eager to vent their anger on foreigners and on Chinese who had accepted the foreign god and foreign ways, had tortured and murdered hundreds in the months before and during the Boxer Uprising. Much property of foreign title was damaged or destroyed — indeed, the attack on the diplomatic body, starting with the murder of Sugiyama Akira, broke the rules of the Hague Convention of 1899 and the tenets of international law. But what the conquering Europeans and Japanese presided over during the months of mid-August to November 1900, and continuing beyond in more official form, was an orgy of theft and deliberate defilement, far out of proportion to anything for which most of them could be considered answerable.
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