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Chinese Art and Its Encounter with the World$
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David Clarke

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9789888083060

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888083060.001.0001

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Chitqua: A Chinese artist in eighteenth-century London

Chitqua: A Chinese artist in eighteenth-century London

(p.15) 1 Chitqua: A Chinese artist in eighteenth-century London
Chinese Art and Its Encounter with the World

David Clarke

Hong Kong University Press

Discussion in this chapter focuses on an individual who created work of a sculptural nature, thus working in a medium that was relatively marginal to literati taste; who practiced away from China's traditional centres of artistic production and political power in eighteenth-century Canton; and who operated within a context where the market mediated contacts with buyers in an explicit way. Furthermore, in the case of this artist, known only as ‘Chitqua’ (with variant romanizations of ‘Chit-qua’, ‘Chit Qua’, ‘Chetqua’, ‘Chet-qua’, and ‘Che Qua’ also found), the chapter looks at someone who worked directly for non-Chinese clients, and who made visual resemblance a defining feature of his work. It aims to provide as comprehensive a picture of the artist and his work as is possible from the surviving artistic and documentary record, with the aim of remedying that omission.

Keywords:   China, eighteenth-century Canton, Chitqua, non-Chinese clients, documentary record

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