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Independent Language LearningBuilding on Experience, Seeking New Perspectives$
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Bruce Morrison

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9789888083640

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888083640.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HONG KONG SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hongkong.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hong Kong University Press, 2021. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HKSO for personal use.date: 19 April 2021

Inside independent learning: Old and new perspectives

Inside independent learning: Old and new perspectives

Chapter:
(p.13) 1 Inside independent learning: Old and new perspectives
Source:
Independent Language Learning
Author(s):

Cynthia White

Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:10.5790/hongkong/9789888083640.003.0002

This chapter presents three new perspectives, namely critical adaptive learning, community and collaboration, and affect and cognition, on independent language learning. These are explored with reference to three studies against a background that this chapter expresses as having undergone ‘fundamental shifts’ with regard to our understanding of independent learning. The chapter argues that the way to extend the current independent learning research paradigm is to focus on critically adaptive learners, the role of affect and the part communities play in the processes of independent learning — three aspects to which other chapters refer to later in the book.

Keywords:   independent learning, critical adaptive learning, community, collaboration, affect, cognition

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