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Europe and ChinaStrategic Partners or Rivals?$
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Roland Vogt

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9789888083879

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888083879.001.0001

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Sino-Vatican Relations and the Intermediary Roles of Hong Kong and Macau

Sino-Vatican Relations and the Intermediary Roles of Hong Kong and Macau

(p.201) Chapter 10 Sino-Vatican Relations and the Intermediary Roles of Hong Kong and Macau
Europe and China
Roland Vogt
Hong Kong University Press

The Vatican is the only European nation-state that does not have full diplomatic ties with Beijing. Negotiations between Beijing and the Holy See have stalled and disagreements over religious freedom, the ordainment of bishops, and the issue of the treatment non-official 'underground' churches in China have persisted. Hong Kong and Macau play unique functions in Sino-Vatican ties but Beijing has been adept at trying to play the Hong Kong and Macau churches off against each other. Hong Kong has been central to the 'bridging endeavour' strategy that is the main conduit for the Vatican to access Catholics in China without going through Beijing's channels. But it has both suffered from the political activism of the Hong Kong church and benefitted from its growing stature within the Vatican's hierarchy. In contrast, Beijing has followed a more accommodating policy vis-�is the Macau church, as a way to exert pressure on its Hong Kong counterpart.

Keywords:   Catholic Church, Hong Kong, Macau, Bridging endeavour, Religious freedom

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