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Portugal, China and the Macau Negotiations, 1986-1999$
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Carmen Amado Mendes

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9789888139002

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888139002.001.0001

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Negotiations for the Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration on Macau

Negotiations for the Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration on Macau

(p.37) 2 Negotiations for the Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration on Macau
Portugal, China and the Macau Negotiations, 1986-1999

Carmen Amado Mendes

Hong Kong University Press

This chapter presents the political background to the so-called ‘Macau question’. It explores the impact of Hong Kong upon 1986-1987 Sino-Portuguese negotiations, which resulted in the signature of the Macau Joint Declaration. The most sensitive subjects that were tabled during the negotiation process were the date for the transfer of Portuguese administration to the PRC and the nationality issue for Macau's residents in the future Special Administrative Region. The negotiations over the future of Hong Kong served as a template for negotiations over Macau. Portugal's strategy for the talks was predominantly unstructured with a desire to negotiate along co-operative lines. The negotiations highlighted Chinese negotiating patterns, combining charm with ambiguity. Moreover, we learn how charismatic Portuguese leaders had a determining effect in the outcome.

Keywords:   one country, two systems, retrocession, Hong Kong, Sino-British negotiations, Nationality, The Secret Memorandum, Chinese negotiation behaviour, Macau, Portugal, China

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