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The Golden GhettoThe American Commercial Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844$
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Jacques M. Downs

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9789888139095

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888139095.001.0001

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(p.310) 9 Retrospection
The Golden Ghetto

Jacques M. Downs

Hong Kong University Press

Cushing tested the treaty, especially on the issue of extraterritoriality via the Hsu A-man case and found out how the treaty protected the Americans. The treaty was well received by both the merchants in the smuggling trade and the missionaries. The author also comments on the Cushing treaty, from its tone, its coverage of the rights and responsibility of the American residents to extraterritoriality and his criticism on the opium trade. The author compared the Cushing treaty with the treaty of Nanking and its Supplementary Treaty, and concluded that it is far superior and more comprehensive than the British treaties.

Keywords:   China, China Trade, American, Opium, First Opium War, Sino-US Treaty of Wanghia, Opium smuggling, American foreign policy in China

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