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Transnational Feminism and Women's Movements In Post-1997 Hong KongSolidarity Beyond the State$
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Adelyn Lim

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9789888139378

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888139378.001.0001

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A Historical Perspective of Women’s Activism in Hong Kong

A Historical Perspective of Women’s Activism in Hong Kong

(p.19) 2 A Historical Perspective of Women’s Activism in Hong Kong
Transnational Feminism and Women's Movements In Post-1997 Hong Kong

Adelyn Lim

Hong Kong University Press

This chapter outlines the major historical aspects of women's activism during the British colonial period (1843–1997) and the emergence of feminist politics in the lead up to governance under the PRC (1997–present), with an overview of major figures, organizations, campaigns, and strategies. In Hong Kong, women have always been absent in the political arena and leadership positions–during the British colonial period, they were excluded from positions of governance and, in the lead up to sovereignty under the PRC, their views were not solicited in the organizing of social movements. The historical accounts of women's movements and the narratives of women activists suggest the purposeful development of a women-driven and women-centered critique, initiated by elite expatriate and Chinese women and, thereafter, embraced by local Chinese women's groups. In the development of a discrete space for women's organizing, feminism as a frame is continuously being constituted, contested, reproduced, and displaced by other frames during the course of mobilization. The socio-cultural, economic, and political context is important in shaping the various frames in terms of the ideas they incorporate and articulate. These frames also compete in an uneven playing field with asymmetrical power relations and unequal resources.

Keywords:   Mui Tsai, Prostitution, Concubinage, Violence Against Women, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, Women's Commission, Female Inheritance Movement in the New Territories

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