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Transnational Feminism and Women's Movements In Post-1997 Hong KongSolidarity Beyond the State$
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Adelyn Lim

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9789888139378

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888139378.001.0001

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Dynamics of Diversity

Dynamics of Diversity

(p.53) 3 Dynamics of Diversity
Transnational Feminism and Women's Movements In Post-1997 Hong Kong

Adelyn Lim

Hong Kong University Press

This chapter deliberates on the feminization of poverty to illustrate diverging feminist agendas and organizing processes as the first local Chinese women's groups reinforce an enduring organizational base for women's activism in Hong Kong. Women activists confront a difficult dilemma of balance – as popular education, political mobilization, and poor and working-class women's empowerment are being replaced by gender policy assessment, project execution, and social services delivery – and often have to compromise between their feminist ideals and the realities and demands of their socio-political environment. Feminism as a collective action frame is incorporated into organizations, networks, and other sorts of strategic mobilizing initiatives. Frames do not do anything by themselves; they allow different political and social groupings to engage in debate and negotiation. In this way, women activists can embrace diverse feminist organizational forms, rhetoric, and strategies and, at the same time, develop shared understandings and aspirations of changing prevailing gender structures and advancing women's empowerment.

Keywords:   Feminization of Poverty, Grassroots Movement, Policy Critique, Cultural Discourse, Trade Unions, Cooperatives

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