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Harbin to HanoiThe Colonial Built Environment in Asia, 1840 to 1940$
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Laura Victoir and Victor Zatsepine

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9789888139415

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888139415.001.0001

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Russia, Railways, and Urban Development in Manchuria, 1896–1930

Russia, Railways, and Urban Development in Manchuria, 1896–1930

(p.16) (p.17) 2 Russia, Railways, and Urban Development in Manchuria, 1896–1930
Harbin to Hanoi

Victor Zatsepine

Hong Kong University Press

This chapter explores the differences between Russia's civilian and military colonization projects in Manchuria. It discusses the planning and establishment of Manchuria's railways and new cities and demonstrates that Imperial Russia's economic colonization in Harbin was more successful than its military claim over Port Arthur. Harbin became Russia's semi-colonial outpost with a flourishing urban space and a sizable Russian population. In contrast, Russia's fortress of Port Arthur did not flourish and eventually became a source of conflict with Japan. Even Russia's defeat by Japan in 1905, and its withdrawal from Northeast China, did not stop Russian and Soviet participation in urban growth and industrial development in northern Manchuria, which continued even after the Revolution of 1917.

Keywords:   Harbin, Russia, Railroad, Port Arthur, Manchuria

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