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Diversity and Occasional AnarchyOn Deep Economic and Social Contradictions in Hong Kong$
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Yue Chim Richard Wong

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9789888139446

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888139446.001.0001

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Core Values, Functional Constituencies, and the Democratic Principle

Core Values, Functional Constituencies, and the Democratic Principle

Chapter:
(p.123) 12 Core Values, Functional Constituencies, and the Democratic Principle
Source:
Diversity and Occasional Anarchy
Author(s):

Yue Chim Richard Wong

Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:10.5790/hongkong/9789888139446.003.0012

Geographic constituencies refer to a natural institutional arrangement in an agrarian society where economic self-sufficiency is the norm. Yet, geographic constituencies have self-preservation powers which prevent further changes once they are constituted. The divisiveness and occasional paralysis in policy making found in contemporary industrial democracies are to some extent the outcomes of geographically constituted elections. The debate over political freedom in Hong Kong is largely reduced to whether and how the chief executive and the legislature should be elected through universal suffrage. This, to the author, is a limited and distorted perspective of how political freedoms should be constituted in Hong Kong. The author also suggests an approach which grants every qualified resident in Hong Kong two votes, with one vote being cast through geographic constituencies and the other through functional constituencies.

Keywords:   Core values, Functional constituencies, Geographic constituencies, Democratic principle, Universal suffrage, China, Hong Kong, Economy, Policies

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