This chapter argues that that urban policy should not be approached simply as finding technical means for technical problems in urban areas. Its general domain has long expanded from physical concerns to social and community concerns in which politics has a key role to play as conflicts of values are inevitable. In this process, ideally, government should fulfil the important function of interest intermediation to maintain fairness and justice. Unfortunately, contrary to what the theory suggests, Lee finds that the “growth machine thesis” under the urban political economy approach provides the most useful and powerful framework in understanding the urban policy in the HKSAR. He has seen a network of powerful interest groups, all linked up to the property market, exert a dominant influence on the urban policies in Hong Kong for their own interest maximization.
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