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Contemporary Hong Kong Government and Politics$
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Wai-man Lam and Percy Luen-tim Lui

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9789888139477

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888139477.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HONG KONG SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hongkong.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hong Kong University Press, 2021. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HKSO for personal use.date: 08 March 2021

Political Parties and Elections

Political Parties and Elections

(p.159) Chapter 8 Political Parties and Elections
Contemporary Hong Kong Government and Politics

Ma Ngok

Hong Kong University Press

This chapter describes the development of political parties and the electoral system in Hong Kong, and analyzes the problems that have confronted their development. Political parties started to develop in the 1980s as a result of gradual democratization in Hong Kong. As the talks on the political future of Hong Kong were well underway, political parties also mushroomed, which were generally divided into pro-democracy and pro-China camps. Such a division has lasted until today, and the two camps are varied, to different degrees, in their political ideologies, and positions on labour, welfare, economic, and livelihood issues. Despite their long history, political parties in Hong Kong are remarkably weak and are confronted by various obstacles, such as the anti-politics stance of the CPG. Like party development, Hong Kong's electoral experience has also been unique. The chapter traces the change of direct election formula to a proportional representation system, and its effects such as the change in campaign strategies and strategic voting.

Keywords:   Hong Kong, Government, Politics, Special Administrative Region, Political parties, Livelihood, Proportional representation, Elections

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