Since most Chinese emigrants in the 19th century wished to return home to grow old and die, and be buried among ancestors and descendants, mechanisms were set up to gather the bones of those who had died in America for repatriation and final reburial in China. These exercises required money, organizational skills, good will and transpacific connections. Many individuals and associations in Hong Kong were involved in facilitating bone repatriation, and, behind activities so imbued with emotional and spiritual meaning were hardnosed arrangements for the management of money and properties and delicate political manipulation. The chapter reveals the complex relationships between Chinese communities in Hong Kong and California and underlines the pivotal role Hong Kong played in the Chinese diaspora.
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