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Mongolia and the United StatesA Diplomatic History$
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Jonathan S. Addleton

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9789888139941

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888139941.001.0001

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Partnering on Development

Partnering on Development

(p.61) Chapter 4 Partnering on Development
Mongolia and the United States

Jonathan S. Addleton

Hong Kong University Press

This chapter surveys the 20-year history of development partnerships between the United States and Mongolia, focusing especially on the work of the US Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC). It describes the evolution of the USAID program from one focused on immediate humanitarian relief to more sustainable long-term development. It also assesses some of the more notable USAID activities, including the Gobi Initiative, the GER Initiative, the establishment of Xac Bank and the revitalization of Xaan Bank. These early activities helped pave the way for a $285 million MCC program launched in 2008, one in which Mongolian partners played a key role.

Keywords:   International Relations, International Development, Mongolia, United States, Russia, China, US Agency for International Development, Millennium Challenge Corporation, Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance, Shock Therapy

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