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Minority Education in ChinaBalancing Unity and Diversity in an Era of Critical Pluralism$
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James Leibold and Yangbin Chen

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9789888208135

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888208135.001.0001

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Han Chinese Reactions to Preferential Minority Education in the PRC

Han Chinese Reactions to Preferential Minority Education in the PRC

(p.299) 14 Han Chinese Reactions to Preferential Minority Education in the PRC
Minority Education in China

James Leibold

Hong Kong University Press

In the PRC, where the majority population exceeds 90 percent, cultural pluralism will remain an uphill struggle without sufficient buy-in from the Han Chinese. In his chapter, James Leibold examines the PRC’s extensive regime of affirmative action policies in the state schooling sector. In particular, he explores Han reaction to the policy that provides extra points to minority students, regardless of their socioeconomic and geographic position, on the university entrance exam (gaokao). Tracking both online and offline reactions to a 2009 incident where a group of Han students in Chongqing falsified their minzu identity to garner extra points, he argues that the reification of minzu categories in China and the creation of a system of benefits based on these identities can foster community resentment and actually hinder the development of genuine cultural pluralism

Keywords:   China, Minority education, Affirmative action, Extra-point system, Gaokao, Ethnicity, Cultural pluralism, Han Chinese

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