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Images of the Canton Factories 1760-1822Reading History in Art$
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Paul A. Van Dyke and Maria Kar-wing Mok

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9789888208555

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888208555.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HONG KONG SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hongkong.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hong Kong University Press, 2021. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HKSO for personal use.date: 25 June 2021

The Opening of Trade and the Debt Crisis

The Opening of Trade and the Debt Crisis

1771–1781

Chapter:
(p.9) Chapter 2 The Opening of Trade and the Debt Crisis
Source:
Images of the Canton Factories 1760-1822
Author(s):

Paul A. Van Dyke

Maria Kar-wing Mok

Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:10.5790/hongkong/9789888208555.003.0002

Chapter 2 then covers the period following the disbanding of the Co-hong and the opening of trade from 1771 to 1781. The resulting debt crisis that emerged in the late 1770s had an impact on the owners of the factories as well.

Keywords:   Thirteen Factories, Chinese export art, Trading houses, Treaty Ports Era, Co-hong, Foreign Quarter, China, Guangzhou, Canton

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