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Eastern FortressA Military History of Hong Kong, 1840-1970$
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Chi Man Kwong and Yiu Lun Tsoi

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9789888208708

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888208708.001.0001

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Treaty, Air Force and Landward Defence, 1920–1939

Treaty, Air Force and Landward Defence, 1920–1939

(p.71) 5 Treaty, Air Force and Landward Defence, 1920–1939
Eastern Fortress

Kwong Chi Man

Tsoi Yiu Lun

Hong Kong University Press

This chapter looks at the changing defence arrangement for Hong Kong from 1919 to 1939, as the result of changing international situation, shifting British strategic focus from the Far East to Europe, and the rapid development of military technology, notably the emergence of long-range bombers that made Hong Kong no longer a secure naval base for the Royal Navy. It firsts outlines the different proposals about how to defend Hong Kong from a Japanese invasion, and then discusses the military structures built to alleviate the Japanese threat, such as the notorious Gin Drinkers’ Line.

Keywords:   War Memorandum Eastern, Gin Drinkers’ Line, air defence, rearmament, Japan

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