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Free Trade's First Missionary – Sir John Bowring in Europe and Asia - Hong Kong Scholarship Online
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Free Trade's First Missionary: Sir John Bowring in Europe and Asia

Philip Bowring


Reformer, intellectual, colonial governor, Sir John Bowring (1792–1872) was the archetype of the ambitious men who made Britain the leading global power in the 19th century. Born to a modest trading family, he showed an aptitude for languages which led him to literature, then to radical politics in the struggles for liberty in France, Spain and Greece. Taken up by the philosopher Jeremy Bentham, he became a figure in the literary world. But his emphasis was on action rather than theories. He became a high-profile advocate of free trade and a liberal foe of Karl Marx. As member of parliament he ... More

Keywords: Colonial governor, Free trade, Polyglot, Liberalism, Britain, Hong Kong, China, Unitarianism, Politics, Radical

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2014 Print ISBN-13: 9789888208722
Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: January 2015 DOI:10.5790/hongkong/9789888208722.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Philip Bowring, author
Correspondent for the Financial Times, editor of the Far Eastern Economic Review, and columnist for the International Herald Tribune and Wall Street Journal