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Enclave to Urbanity: Canton, Foreigners, and Architecture from the Late Eighteenth to the Early Twentieth Centuries

Johnathan Andrew Farris


Cross-cultural relations are spatial relations. Enclave to Urbanity is the first book in English that examines how the architecture and the urban landscape of Guangzhou framed the relations between the Western mercantile and missionary communities and the city’s predominantly Chinese population. The book takes readers through three phases: the Thirteen Factories era from the eighteenth century to the 1850s; the Shamian enclave up to the early twentieth century; and the adoption of Western building techniques throughout the city as its architecture modernized in the early Republic. The discussi ... More

Keywords: Guangzhou, China, Architectural history, Culture, Social history, eighteenth century, Enclave, the Thirteen Factories era

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9789888208876
Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: January 2017 DOI:10.5790/hongkong/9789888208876.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Johnathan Andrew Farris, author
Savannah College of Art and Design