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The Perfect DictatorshipChina in the 21st Century$
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Stein Ringen

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9789888208937

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888208937.001.0001

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What They Produce

What They Produce

(p.116) Chapter 4 What They Produce
The Perfect Dictatorship

Stein Ringen

Hong Kong University Press

A welfare state is known by the services it provides to its population. Not by whether or not it delivers welfare services—under all the author’s three hypotheses we would expect to see a state that is activist in service provision—but by the kind of services it provides and how it is done. It is therefore not enough to ask if there are welfare policies, but it is necessary to look in some detail into how those policies are shaped. But services are not only provided; they also have to be paid for. The state does that by extracting taxes from its population. A part of the welfare test must be to examine how the state treats its population in taxation, in addition to how it treats it with services. The combined examination of taxes and services is the standard model of welfare-state analysis. This is the ‘narrow test’ of the welfare hypothesis which the author will pursue in the present chapter.

Keywords:   Political Science, China, Elite politics, Welfare State, Xi Jinping, Deng Xiaoping, Comparative politics, Socialist market economy, Corruption, Party state

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