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Returning Home with GloryChinese Villagers around the Pacific, 1849 to 1949$
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Michael Williams

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9789888390533

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888390533.001.0001

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Wading 10,000 Li

Wading 10,000 Li

(p.35) 3 Wading 10,000 Li
Returning Home with Glory

Michael Williams

Hong Kong University Press

This chapter provides an historical overview of the movement of people from the Pearl River Delta as they sought their fortunes around the Pacific for generations over the 19th and 20th centuries. Who were these people who choose to wade “10,000 li”? How many did so and where did they go? As a start in answering these questions the movement as a whole and the position of the Pearl River Delta counties and the three Pacific Ports within it are described. In particular the significance of the establishment of Hong Kong is discussed. A listing of the major characteristics of the movement and a chronology of the qiaoxiang links also helps to provide a background to developments in the qiaoxiang and the reaction of the societies of the Pacific Ports to the movement as a whole. Final return to the qiaoxiang was their intention on setting out, if not always the achievement. This, it is argued, is the broad context within which the qiaoxiang links are best understood.

Keywords:   Overseas Chinese, Pacific Ports, Pearl River Delta, Guangdong, Huaqiao, Hong Kong, White settler nations, California, Victoria, Hawaii

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